One of them, Holyland Tower 1, Jerusalem's tallest building, is a skyscraper by international standards, rising 32 stories. Over centuries of warfare and neglect, these forests were destroyed. [249][250] The final status of Jerusalem has been one of the most important areas of discord between Palestinian and Israeli negotiators for peace. It is considered a holy city by the three major Abrahamic religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Route 60 runs through the center of the city near the Green Line between East and West Jerusalem. [256][257] President Mahmoud Abbas has said that any agreement that did not include East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine would be unacceptable. ), International Law and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Rights-Based Approach to Middle East Peace, Routledge, 2010 p.119. [384] Northern Jerusalem's Har Hotzvim industrial park and the Jerusalem Technology Park in south Jerusalem are home to large Research and Development centers of international tech companies, among them Intel, Cisco, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, IBM, Mobileye, Johnson & Johnson, Medtronic and more. [189] The Khwarezmian Tatars were driven out by the Ayyubids in 1247. [445] While Israel approves and financially supports some Arab cultural activities,[citation needed] Arab Capital of Culture events were banned because they were sponsored by the Palestine National Authority. Jerusalem is located in Israel. There is no airport in Jerusalem. While Muslim holy sites were maintained and renovated,[226] contrary to the terms of the armistice agreement, Jews were denied access to Jewish holy sites, many of which were destroyed or desecrated. Snow flurries usually occur once or twice a winter, although the city experiences heavy snowfall every three to four years, on average, with short-lived accumulation. 6–7). 9 months ago. [18] The Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Other orphanages founded in Jerusalem at the beginning of the 20th century were Zion Blumenthal Orphanage (1900) and General Israel Orphan's Home for Girls (1902).[205]. Jordan allowed only very limited access to Christian holy sites,[227] and restrictions were imposed on the Christian population that led many to leave the city. Ibrahim's Egyptian army routed Qasim's forces in Jerusalem the following month. Jerusalem (/dʒəˈruːsələm/; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس‎ al-Quds or Bayt al-Maqdis, also spelled Baitul Muqaddas[10][11][12])[note 2] is a city in the Middle East, on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. Areas of discord have included whether the Palestinian flag can be raised over areas of Palestinian custodianship and the specificity of Israeli and Palestinian territorial borders. A no-man's land between East and West Jerusalem came into being in November 1948: Moshe Dayan, commander of the Israeli forces in Jerusalem, met with his Jordanian counterpart Abdullah el-Tell in a deserted house in Jerusalem's Musrara neighborhood and marked out their respective positions: Israel's position in red and Jordan's in green. The biggest city in Palestine, Jerusalem was also its political and cultural center. [430][431], The national cemetery of Israel is located at the city's western edge, near the Jerusalem Forest on Mount Herzl. Dung 4. (pp. Atarot Airport (IATA code: JRS), also known as Kalandia Airport, and Jerusalem Airport, was a small airport located between Jerusalem and Ramallah. They became known as the Ring Neighborhoods. [278] Following the resolution, 22 of the 24 countries that previously had their embassy in (West) Jerusalem relocated them in Tel Aviv, where many embassies already resided prior to Resolution 478. [312] The Tyropoeon Valley commenced in the northwest near the Damascus Gate, ran south-southeasterly through the center of the Old City down to the Pool of Siloam, and divided the lower part into two hills, the Temple Mount to the east, and the rest of the city to the west (the lower and the upper cities described by Josephus). [47][48], A city called Rušalim in the execration texts of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (c. 19th century BCE) is widely, but not universally, identified as Jerusalem. [381] Jerusalem's religious and cultural landmarks today remain the top draw for foreign visitors, with the majority of tourists visiting the Western Wall and the Old City,[331] In 2010, Jerusalem was named the top leisure travel city in Africa and the Middle East by Travel + Leisure magazine. Since the beginning of 1950, all branches of government have resided in the city except the Ministry of Defense which is in Tel Aviv. Other institutions of higher learning in Jerusalem are the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance[418] and Bezalel Academy of Art and Design,[419][420] whose buildings are located on the campuses of the Hebrew University. Many people are asking where is Jerusalem. [171] Christian-Arab tradition records that, when led to pray at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, one of the holiest sites for Christians, the caliph Umar refused to pray in the church so that Muslims would not request conversion of the church to a mosque. A World Bible Center is planned to be built adjacent to Mount Zion at a site called the "Bible Hill". The major source for the history of ancient Jerusalem is the Bible and the writings of Flavius Josephus (36-100 CE). [89][90] Both sides claim the history of the city has been politicized by the other in order to strengthen their relative claims to the city,[47][91][92] and that this is borne out by the different focuses the different writers place on the various events and eras in the city's history. [369][370][371], Jerusalem is the third-holiest city in Sunni Islam. Nowadays, It is divided city between the Palestinians and Israel. [351], Jerusalem had a population of 804,400 in 2011, of which Jews comprised 499,400 (62.1%), Muslims 281,100 (34.9%), Christians 14,700 (1.8%), and 9,000 (1.1%) were not classified by religion. Jews were prohibited from entering the city on pain of death, except for one day each year, during the holiday of Tisha B'Av. [336] Many move to the suburbs and coastal cities in search of cheaper housing and a more secular lifestyle. To a large extent it is this approach that still guides the diplomatic behaviour of states and thus has greater force in international law" (Susan M. Akram, Michael Dumper, Michael Lynk, Iain Scobbie (eds. [444] Al-Hoash, established in 2004, is a gallery for the preservation of Palestinian art. In May 2012, it was reported that the Jewish birthrate had overtaken the Arab birthrate. 1 Samuel 31:1–13:2 Samuel 5:4–5; Finkelstein, Silberman, op.cit. There is material evidence … In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Most population data before 1905 is based on estimates, often from foreign travellers or organisations, since previous census data usually covered wider areas such as the Jerusalem District. The Rockefeller Museum, located in East Jerusalem, was the first archaeological museum in the Middle East. Welcome! Both Israel and Palestine consider Jerusalem to be their capital city. Shamir, Ronen (2013) Current Flow: The Electrification of Palestine. [34] For approximately a year, before it was permanently switched to the Kaaba in Mecca, the qibla (direction of prayer) for Muslims was Jerusalem. [360] Synagogues around the world are traditionally built with the Holy Ark facing Jerusalem,[361] and Arks within Jerusalem face the Holy of Holies. [401][402], Begin Expressway is one of Jerusalem's major north–south thoroughfares; it runs on the western side of the city, merging in the north with Route 443, which continues toward Tel Aviv. Jerusalem is served by highly developed communication infrastructures, making it a leading logistics hub for Israel. Smith, Mark (2002) "The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel" (Eerdman's), Jane M. Cahill, 'Jerusalem at the time of the United Monarchy', in Andrew G. Vaughn, Ann E. Killebrew (eds.). The Israeli government has approved building plans in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City[266] in order to expand the Jewish presence in East Jerusalem, while some Islamic leaders have made claims that Jews have no historical connection to Jerusalem, alleging that the 2,500-year-old Western Wall was constructed as part of a mosque. [421] While many schools in the heavily Arab East Jerusalem are filled to capacity and there have been complaints of overcrowding, the Jerusalem Municipality is building over a dozen new schools in the city's Arab neighborhoods. [265], The status of the city, and especially its holy places, remains a core issue in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Another work in progress[398] is a new high-speed rail line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, which became partially operational in 2018 and is expected to be completed in 2019. Joel Beinin (2001) Workers and peasants in the modern Middle East Cambridge University Press. The Palestinian Authority regards East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. The Second Temple was destroyed in 70 CE, and the entire city was destroyed in the war. The contemporary Jewish historian Josephus wrote that the city "was so thoroughly razed to the ground by those that demolished it to its foundations, that nothing was left that could ever persuade visitors that it had once been a place of habitation. In 2007, 1,300 Palestinians lived in the previously exclusively Jewish neighborhood of Pisgat Ze'ev and constituted three percent of the population in Neve Ya'akov. They now number 31% of the population, the same percentage as the rising Haredi population. The college gives Master of Arts in Teaching degrees. [citation needed] The percentage of secular Jews, or those who 'wear their faith lightly' is dropping, with some 20,000 leaving the city over the past seven years (2012). In 1967, Jews accounted for 74 percent of the population, while the figure for 2006 is down nine percent. [103][15] There, the Gihon Spring attracted shepherds who camped near the water between 6 and 7000 years ago, leaving behind ceramics and flint artifacts[15] during the Chalcolithic, or Copper Age (c. 4500–3500 BCE). On 27 June 1967, the government of Levi Eshkol extended Israeli law and jurisdiction to East Jerusalem, but agreed that administration of the Temple Mount compound would be maintained by the Jordanian waqf, under the Jordanian Ministry of Religious Endowments. [283][284] The move was criticized by many nations. Jordan allowed Arab Palestinian refugees from the war to settle in the vacated Jewish Quarter, which became known as Harat al-Sharaf. [458], The Jerusalem Marathon, established in 2011, is an international marathon race held annually in Jerusalem in the month of March. [331] However, due to the large portion of students in Haredi Jewish frameworks, only fifty-five percent of twelfth graders took matriculation exams (Bagrut) and only thirty-seven percent were eligible to graduate. [285] A resolution condemning the US decision was supported by all the 14 other members of the UN Security Council, but was vetoed by the US on 18 December 2017,[286] and a subsequent resolution condemning the US decision was passed in the United Nations General Assembly. [81] Possibly the redactor of the Apocryphon of Genesis wanted to dissociate Melchizedek from the area of Shechem, which at the time was in possession of the Samaritans. [436] The Khan Theater, located in a caravanserai opposite the old Jerusalem train station, is the city's only repertoire theater. [22], According to Peace Now, approvals for building in Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem have expanded by 60% since Trump became U.S. president in 2017. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Shuafat was incorporated into the Jerusalem municipal district, in a move not internationally recognized. Byzantine chronicles relate that the Sassanids and Jews slaughtered tens of thousands of Christians in the city, many at the Mamilla Pool,[158][159] and destroyed their monuments and churches, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Since its opening in 1992, Teddy Stadium has been Jerusalem's primary football stadium, with a capacity of 34,000. It is referred to both as "the city of Zion" and as "the city of New Jerusalem" D&C 57:2;84:2; cf. [309] The city falls under the Jerusalem District, with Jerusalem as the district's capital. In 2010, Israel approved legislation giving Jerusalem the highest national priority status in Israel. The Jerusalem Cinemateque, the Gerard Behar Center (formerly Beit Ha'Am) in downtown Jerusalem, the Jerusalem Music Center in Yemin Moshe,[435] and the Targ Music Center in Ein Kerem also present the arts. [427], Next to the Israel Museum is the Bible Lands Museum, near The National Campus for the Archaeology of Israel, which includes the Israel Antiquities Authority offices. Member states were called upon to withdraw their diplomatic representation from Jerusalem. [208] Relations between Arab Christians and Muslims and the growing Jewish population in Jerusalem deteriorated, resulting in recurring unrest. Over the next four hundred years, Jerusalem's prominence diminished as Arab powers in the region vied for control of the city. [49][50] Jerusalem is called Urušalim in the Amarna letters of Abdi-Heba (1330s BCE). [306] Within the city council, religious political parties form an especially powerful faction, accounting for the majority of its seats. [138] [319] Snowfall is rare, and large snowfalls are even more rare. [70][71] An older example on papyrus is known from the previous century. Sometime soon after 485 BCE Jerusalem was besieged, conquered and largely destroyed by a coalition of neighbouring states. [331] Only 8.5% of the Jerusalem District work force is employed in the manufacturing sector, which is half the national average (15.8%). [151][162], Byzantine Jerusalem was conquered by the Arab armies of Umar ibn al-Khattab in 638 CE. On 10 July, Foreign Minister Abba Eban explained to the UN Secretary General: "The term 'annexation' which was used by supporters of the vote is not accurate. A team of experts assembled by the then Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak in 2000 concluded that the city must be divided, since Israel had failed to achieve any of its national aims there. [307], Apart from the mayor and his deputies, City Council members receive no salaries and work on a voluntary basis. [82] However that may be, later Rabbinic sources also equate Salem with Jerusalem, mainly to link Melchizedek to later Temple traditions. The 1,500 residents of the Jewish Quarter of the Old City were expelled and a few hundred taken prisoner when the Arab Legion captured the quarter on 28 May. [251], Prior to the creation of the State of Israel, Jerusalem served as the administrative capital of Mandatory Palestine. Where is East Jerusalem? [246] Israeli Agriculture Minister Ariel Sharon proposed building a ring of Jewish neighborhoods around the city's eastern edges. [156], In the 5th century, the eastern continuation of the Roman Empire, ruled from the recently renamed Constantinople, maintained control of the city. The two most popular sports are football (soccer) and basketball. In 1867 an American Missionary reports an estimated population of Jerusalem of 'above' 15,000, with 4,000 to 5,000 Jews and 6,000 Muslims. [103] Some call the site of this first settlement, the Ophel ridge. David is said to have conquered these in the Siege of Jebus, and transferred his capital from Hebron to Jerusalem which then became the capital of a united Kingdom of Israel,[124] and one of its several religious centres. [320][321] A day in Jerusalem has on average, 9.3 sunshine hours. Israel has not incorporated Abu Dis within its security wall around Jerusalem. [247][248], The annexation of East Jerusalem was met with international criticism. One of the proposed towers along King George Street, the Migdal Merkaz HaYekum, is planned as a 65-story building, which would make it one of the tallest buildings in Israel. Though Jerusalem's sacred character goes back three millennia...". [93][94] Shuafat lies about 6 kilometres north of Jerusalem's oldest historical part, the so-called City of David, and about 5 kilometres north of the walled Old City. "[138] The Tomb of Abba, also located north of the Old City, bears an Aramaic inscription with Paleo-Hebrew letters reading: "I, Abba, son of the priest Eleaz(ar), son of Aaron the high (priest), Abba, the oppressed and the persecuted, who was born in Jerusalem, and went into exile into Babylonia and brought (back to Jerusalem) Mattathi(ah), son of Jud(ah), and buried him in a cave which I bought by deed. Jerusalem is a town in Yates County, New York in the United States. Jewish and Christian access to the holy sites inside the old walled city was restored. In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Throughout much of Ottoman rule, Jerusalem remained a provincial, if religiously important center, and did not straddle the main trade route between Damascus and Cairo. The southern tribes, together with the Aaronid priesthood, remained in Jerusalem, with the city becoming the capital of the Kingdom of Judah.[131][132]. While the ACRI attributes the increase to the lack of employment opportunities, infrastructure and a worsening educational system, Ir Amim blames the legal status of Palestinians in Jerusalem. [54], Shalim or Shalem was the name of the god of dusk in the Canaanite religion, whose name is based on the same root S-L-M from which the Hebrew word for "peace" is derived (Salam or Shalom in modern Arabic and Hebrew). Atarot ceased operation in 2000. The Aramaic Apocryphon of Genesis of the Dead Sea Scrolls (1QapGen 22:13) equates Jerusalem with the earlier "Salem" (שלם), said to be the kingdom of Melchizedek in Genesis 14:18. [163] Among the first Muslims, it was referred to as Madinat bayt al-Maqdis ("City of the Temple"),[164] a name restricted to the Temple Mount. In terms of the local population, the number of outgoing residents exceeds the number of incoming residents. Shiba Media Publishing TEXT ID 450f3bcb Online PDF Ebook Epub Library is regarded as a sacred city by the christians jews and muslims tel aviv located in central israel is the countrys economic and technological center where is the real temple Egypt is a country. A joint development council would be responsible for coordinated development. However, for most of the 13th century, Jerusalem declined to the status of a village due to city's fall of strategic value and Ayyubid internecine struggles.[183]. [308] Many Jews have "Mizrach" plaques hung on a wall of their homes to indicate the direction of prayer. Today, the Western Wall, a remnant of the wall surrounding the Second Temple, is a Jewish holy site second only to the "Holy of Holies" on the Temple Mount itself. "[212] The international regime (which also included the city of Bethlehem) was to remain in force for a period of ten years, whereupon a referendum was to be held in which the residents were to decide the future regime of their city. The Jerusalem Theater in the Talbiya neighborhood hosts over 150 concerts a year, as well as theater and dance companies and performing artists from overseas. [346], At the end of 2008, the population of East Jerusalem was 456,300, comprising 60% of Jerusalem's residents. Due to the general lack of international recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, some non-Israeli media outlets use Tel Aviv as a metonym for Israel. [161], Jerusalem reached a peak in size and population at the end of the Second Temple Period, when the city covered two km2 (0.77 square miles) and had a population of 200,000. With summers averaging similar temperatures as the coastline, the maritime influence from the Mediterranean Sea is strong, in particular given that Jerusalem is located on a similar latitude as scorching hot deserts not far to its east. In 1995, the United States Congress passed the Jerusalem Embassy Act, which required, subject to conditions, that its embassy be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. This page contains comprehensive information about Jerusalem, including: the map where Jerusalem is located, it’s geographical coordinates, places where banks and ATMs, offices, schools, hospitals, museums, markets, monuments, salons, central park, metro station (if they are), reviews, and more. Between 1838 and 1876, a number of estimates exist which conflict as to whether Jews or Muslims were the largest group during this period, and between 1882 and 1922 estimates conflict as to exactly when Jews became an absolute majority of the population. [423] In March 2007, the Israeli government approved a 5-year plan to build 8,000 new classrooms in the city, 40 percent in the Arab sector and 28 percent in the Haredi sector. After Artuk's death in 1091 his sons Sökmen and Ilghazi governed in the city up to 1098 when the Fatimids recaptured the city. Following Sassanid Khosrau II's early 7th century push through Syria, his generals Shahrbaraz and Shahin attacked Jerusalem (Persian: Dej Houdkh‎) aided by the Jews of Palaestina Prima, who had risen up against the Byzantines. [175] Two of the city's most-distinguished Arab citizens of the 10th-century were Al-Muqaddasi, the geographer, and Al-Tamimi, the physician. Following the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel extended its jurisdiction and administration over East Jerusalem, establishing new municipal borders. أُورُشَلِيمَ-القُدس. Answer 1 of 25: Hi we are traveling to Israel & Jordan this year. [154] The ban was maintained until the 7th century,[155] though Christians would soon be granted an exemption: during the 4th century, the Roman Emperor Constantine I ordered the construction of Christian holy sites in the city, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Other early Hebrew sources,[78] early Christian renderings of the verse[79] and targumim,[80] however, put Salem in Northern Israel near Shechem (Sichem), now Nablus, a city of some importance in early sacred Hebrew writing. [362][363], Christianity reveres Jerusalem for its Old Testament history, and also for its significance in the life of Jesus. [349] The young and less religious continue to leave according to a 2016 Central Bureau of Statistics report which noted 6,740 people left. [279] [302], Some states, such as Russia[303] and China,[304] recognize the Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital. The Russian Compound and Mishkenot Sha'ananim were founded in 1860,[201] followed by many others that included Mahane Israel (1868), Nahalat Shiv'a (1869), German Colony (1872), Beit David (1873), Mea Shearim (1874), Shimon HaZadiq (1876), Beit Ya'aqov (1877), Abu Tor (1880s), American-Swedish Colony (1882), Yemin Moshe (1891), and Mamilla, Wadi al-Joz around the turn of the century. Resolution 181 (II). [428][429] In 2006, a 38 km (24 mi) Jerusalem Trail was opened, a hiking trail that goes to many cultural sites and national parks in and around Jerusalem. In other languages: official Arabic in Israel: Statistics regarding the demographics of Jerusalem refer to the unified and expanded Israeli municipality, which includes the pre-1967 Israeli and, Much of the information regarding King David's conquest of Jerusalem comes from, The book: Baitul Muqaddas; by: Abdulqadir; "History of Baitul Muqaddas (Jerusalem), a holy place for Muslims", The book: A-Z Guide to the Qur'an: A Must-have Reference to Understanding the Contents of the Islamic Holy Book; By: Mokhtar Stork; "JERUSALEM Referred to in Arabic as Baitul Muqaddas (The Holy House) or Baitul Maqdis (The House of the Sanctuary)", The book: Pan-Islamism in India & Bengal; By: Mohammad Shah; p. 63,191; ".. protector of Mecca, Medina and Baitul Muqaddas, the sacred places of pilgrimage of the Muslim world", Mark Smith in "The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel" states "Despite the long regnant model that the Canaanites and Israelites were people of fundamentally different culture, archaeological data now casts doubt on this view. Does It Snow In Israel? [167][168] In 638 CE the Islamic Caliphate extended its dominion to Jerusalem. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." Neither claim is internationally accepted. Egypt is a country. ), G. Johannes Bottereck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry, (eds.). It was built in 1938 during the British Mandate. Other Jewish neighborhoods were built within East Jerusalem, and Israeli Jews also settled in Arab neighborhoods. Under the British, new garden suburbs were built in the western and northern parts of the city[209][210] and institutions of higher learning such as the Hebrew University were founded. In 1917, the population of Palestine was composed of over 90% Palestinian Arabs and … Herzl in the south. Israel Finkelstein, Neil Asher Silberman, Israel Finkelstein, Amihay Mazar, Brian B. Schmidt, (eds.). [229][230] The Western Wall was transformed into an exclusively Muslim holy site associated with al-Buraq. The name thus offered itself to etymologizations such as "The City of Peace",[53][57] "Abode of Peace",[58][59] "dwelling of peace" ("founded in safety"),[60] alternately "Vision of Peace" in some Christian authors. The complex is expected to attract many businesses from Tel Aviv, and become the city's main business hub. The Jerusalem Biblical Zoo has ranked consistently as Israel's top tourist attraction for Israelis. [105] The city's inhabitants at this time were Canaanites, who are believed by scholars to have evolved into the Israelites via the development of a distinct Yahweh-centric monotheistic belief system. [347] In 2008, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics reported the number of Palestinians living in East Jerusalem was 208,000 according to a recently completed census. [331] To attract more university students to Jerusalem, the city has begun to offer a special package of financial incentives and housing subsidies to students who rent apartments in downtown Jerusalem. [394][395] In August 2015, the city council approved construction of a 344-foot pyramid-shaped skyscraper designed by Daniel Libeskind and Yigal Levi, in place of a rejected previous design by Libeskind; it is set to break ground by 2019.[396]. [388], Jerusalem has traditionally had a low-rise skyline. Herod the Great, as he was known, devoted himself to developing and beautifying the city. Construction is progressing on parts of a 35-kilometer (22 mi) ring road around the city, fostering faster connection between the suburbs. Does It Snow In Jerusalem? Jerusalem is a city in Israel.No. [366][367] Another prominent Christian site in Jerusalem is Golgotha, the site of the crucifixion. In Greek and Latin the city's name was transliterated Hierosolyma (Greek: Ἱεροσόλυμα; in Greek hieròs, ἱερός, means holy), although the city was renamed Aelia Capitolina for part of the Roman period of its history. [447] The Abraham Fund and the Jerusalem Intercultural Center (JICC) promote joint Jewish-Palestinian cultural projects. [412] It is one of many schools in Jerusalem, from elementary school and up, that combine secular and religious studies. Fans include political figures who often attend its games. Today it is both the central library of the university and the national library of Israel. [220] Jordan formally annexed East Jerusalem in 1950, subjecting it to Jordanian law, and in 1953 declared it the "second capital" of Jordan. Jaffa 2. After the Six-Day War the population of Jerusalem increased by 196%. [211], As the British Mandate for Palestine was expiring, the 1947 UN Partition Plan recommended "the creation of a special international regime in the City of Jerusalem, constituting it as a corpus separatum under the administration of the UN. Neighborhoods. Status of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem", "Corridors of Power: A tale of two councils", "Moshe Lion elected Jerusalem Mayor in dramatic finish", "Jerusalem Becomes A Battleground Over Gay Rights Vs. [72], In extra-biblical inscriptions, the earliest known example of the -ayim ending was discovered on a column about 3 km west of ancient Jerusalem, dated to the first century BCE.[72]. [199] According to the Prussian consul, the population in 1845 was 16,410, with 7,120 Jews, 5,000 Muslims, 3,390 Christians, 800 Turkish soldiers and 100 Europeans. Jerusalem was proclaimed as the “eternal” and “sacred” capital of Israel on December 5, 1949, by the country’s first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion. The Moroccan Quarter, which was located adjacent to the Western Wall, was evacuated and razed[243] to make way for a plaza for those visiting the wall. Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel, find here Jerusalem location on Israel map along with know interesting facts about the city. In 2009, the percentage of Haredim in the city was increasing. From 1229 to 1244, Jerusalem peacefully reverted to Christian control as a result of a 1229 treaty agreed between the crusading Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and al-Kamil, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, that ended the Sixth Crusade. We'll never divide our heart. Most of the meetings of the Jerusalem City Council are private, but each month, it holds a session that is open to the public. A popular non-competitive sports event is the Jerusalem March, held annually during the Sukkot festival. 4.7%). [416] New York Bard College and Al-Quds University agreed to open a joint college in a building originally built to house the Palestinian Legislative Council and Yasser Arafat's office. On 5 December 1949, Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, proclaimed Jerusalem as Israel's "eternal" and "sacred" capital, and eight days later specified that only the war had "compelled" the Israeli leadership "to establish the seat of Government in Tel Aviv", while "for the State of Israel there has always been and always will be one capital only – Jerusalem the Eternal", and that after the war, efforts had been ongoing for creating the conditions for "the Knesset... returning to Jerusalem.

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